Crochet is a wonderful technique that can be used in a free form fashion to create an unlimited number of sculptural forms. Food is one of those Big Ideas everyone can relate to because we all love to eat! Students can be encouraged to create food that is special to their family or cultural celebrations. Creating a woven placemat to display their food creation on “frames” their work and also speaks to some of the rituals we have around preparing and serving food. Encourage students to reflect about their food memories before starting their project. Their reflection can be incorporated into their artist statement to show the wide array of stories they have concerning their favorite foods.
Lesson Plan Goals & Objectives:
Students will design a 3 dimensional dessert or food sculpture using crochet and/or weaving
Students will learn both processes of crochet and weaving and choose one, or both, to create a 3 dimensional sculpture based on the idea of food
Students will add mixed media to their sculpture to enhance the creativity
Tools & Materials:
Sketchbook or drawing paper for designing
Pencil or drawing tool
Crochet hook and yarns
Weaving board and yarns or sliced fabric strips
Weaving needles, shuttles
Mixed media such as fabrics, batting, cardboard, duct tape, cups, pie plates, etc.
Learn How to Crochet RIGHT HAND Part 1 - Basics for Beginners - Chain CH Single Crochet Stitch SC
Beginning Basic Weave
National Core Arts Stand
Formulate an artistic investigation of personally relevant content for creating art.
Demonstrate openness in trying new ideas, materials, methods and approaches in making works of art and design.
Reflect on whether personal artwork conveys the intended meaning and revise accordingly.
Develop and apply relevant criteria to evaluate a work of art.
Generate a collection of ideas reflecting current interests and concerns that could be investigated in art making.
Crochet – the process of looping yarn using a hook to create a structure
Weaving – the process of intertwining yarn to create a textile structure
Warp – the vertical yarn
Weft – the horizontal yarn
Shuttle – the tool that the weft yarn is wound around
Weaving board or loom – the equipment used to create the woven cloth on
Needle – for sewing in ends
Mixed media – items and materials used to bring the sculpture to creative life and in making additional elements that add visual interest
Wool batting – used to stuff structures to give them mass
Wool batting or roving – wool fibers processed and combined into rolls or sheets of fibers.
Step 1 – Instructor presents artist websites, books, other resources for students to see a variety of approaches for weaving and crochet food sculptures.
Step 2 – Instructor demonstrates basic chain crochet and single crochet. Oversees students as they learn the skill. Adapts for left-handed students.Crochet Note: Use resources listed in this lesson for images and process instructions of crochet for student learning: books, online articles with pictures, video tutorial.
Step 3 – Instructor demonstrates making the weaving boards and shuttles. Also instructs in basic warp winding on the weaving board. Instructor demonstrates basic tabby weaving using weft and shuttle, or needle. Oversees students as they learn the skill.Weaving: Students can create their own board looms and shuttles from a solid mat board of foam core, or can buy ready made. In these samples I show both.
Slice even slits into each end of a piece of mat board.
Make a shuttle by notching each end of a piece of mat board.
Wrap yarn around the notched ends of the shuttle.
Wind the warp yarn around the front and back of the weaving board to create evenly spaced increments through which to weave.
The process of weaving is to go over and under every second warp thread
Note how the second row is over and under the opposite warp yarn?
Slide these two rows right to the end and continue weaving all of the way to the top.
Here is a placemat in which the student used a hairy yarn at each end!